Transportation Research Part D published a new paper I co-authored with colleagues from Virginia Tech and UVA. Steve Hankey and Tianjun Lu lead this paper:
Lu, T., Buehler, R., Mondschein, A., Hankey, S. 2017. “Designing a Bicycle and Pedestrian Traffic Monitoring Program to Estimate Annual Average Daily Traffic in a Small Rural College Town,” Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment.
Here is the abstract:
Cycling and walking are commonly recognized as energy-efficient alternatives to motorized transport. Research and practice lack a comprehensive set of methods to assess spatio-temporal patterns of traffic volumes across an entire transportation network. Current non-motorized traffic monitoring programs are primarily implemented in urban areas and for singular components of the network (e.g., off-street trails, specific corridors). Our approach synthesizes ongoing efforts in non-motorized traffic monitoring to estimate Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT), across an entire network in Blacksburg, VA – a small, rural college town. We selected count sites across the network, stratified by street functional class (e.g., major roads, local roads), centrality of the link relative to origins and destinations, and planned bicycle facilities. We collected 45,456 h of pedestrian and cyclist counts using three types of automated counters: pneumatic tube (n = 12), passive infrared (n = 10), and radio beam (n = 3) at both reference locations (n = 4; 1-year) and short-duration locations (n = 97; 1-week) during 2015. We found a strong correlation between manual validation counts and automated counts. We used day-of-year scaling factors to estimate AADT for bicycles and pedestrians and found that temporal and spatial patterns differed between modes. Pedestrian volumes were higher and more variable than bicycle volumes (median [interquartile range] AADT for pedestrians: 135 [89–292]; bicycles: 23 [11–43]); both modes were positively correlated with street functional class, presence of facilities, and proximity to campus. Our approach provides insight for planners or policymakers interested in comprehensive monitoring programs to track performance measures or for use in environmental and health impact studies.
In March I gave two invited presentations in England. One at the University of Westminster for the London Cycling Campaign and one at Oxford University. The talks were titled “Reducing Car Dependence: Lessons from Europe and the USA.” The presentations were mainly based on the papers below:
Buehler, R., Pucher, J., Altshuler, A. 2017. “Vienna’s Path to Sustainable Transport,“ International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, Vol. 11, No. 4, 257-271.
Buehler, R., J. Pucher, R. Gerike, T. Goetschi. 2017. “Reducing car dependence in the heart of Europe: Lessons from Germany, Austria, and Switzerland,” Transport Reviews, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp 4-28.
Our work was also mentioned by two media outlets:
This App Lets Your Company Pay You To Bike To Work
How a European Capital Moved Toward Sustainable Transportation
Poster with Jon Wergin about Bikeshare Routes in Washington, DC “Where do Capital Buikeshare Bikes Actually Go?”
Below are the poster and the video:
Presentation at “TRB Workshop on Urban Form Impacts on Transport Energy Use”
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Last week I presented a poster at the 10th University Transportation Center (UTC) Spotlight Conference: Bicycles and Pedestrians. The poster was based on our forthcoming paper in the American Journal of Public Health:
Buehler, R., Pucher, J. forthcoming. “Have Walking and Cycling Become Safer? Recent Evidence from High-Income Countries, with a Focus on the United States and Germany,” American Journal of Public Health.
Here is a link to the poster presented at the University Transportation Center (UTC) Spotlight Conference: Bicycles and Pedestrians Safety.